Slope

Slope refers to the Steepness of a Line

slopemaster


Basics

slopemaster
Slope refers to the steepness of a line.
Line 1 is steeper than Line 2.
Line 1’s slope is greater than Line 2’s slope.


line
A line is a flat straight figure extending infinitely through two points.  (See Line L above.)
x-axis = horizontal
y-axis = vertical
x = horizontal coordinate
y = vertical coordinate
(x, y) = point representing horizontal and vertical coordinates on Line L
(o, b) = y-intercept = point where Line L crosses the y-axis
m = slope


Formulas (provided by Formula Sheet)
slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}


Formulas (NOT provided by Formula Sheet)
slope as change
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{change\;in\;y}}}{{{change\;in\;x}}}


Question
What is the slope of Line 1?
slopemaster

Answer
m = 2

Answer Process
slope as change
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{change\;in\;y}}}{{{change\;in\;x}}}

\displaystyle\text{m = }\frac{1\text{0 boxes up positive y-axis}}{\text{5 boxes along positive x-axis}}\bf\displaystyle\frac{10}{5} = 2

Line 1


Question
What is the slope of Line 2?
slopemaster

Answer
m = \bf\displaystyle\frac{1}{2}

Answer Process
slope as change
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{change\;in\;y}}}{{{change\;in\;x}}}

\displaystyle\text{m = }\frac{\text{5 boxes up positive y-axis}}{\text{10 boxes along positive x-axis}}\bf\displaystyle\frac{5}{10}\bf\displaystyle\frac{1}{2}

LIne 2


Question

Using the points (3, 1) and (8, 3) in the graph below, calculate the slope of line L.

Answer
m = \bf\displaystyle\frac{2}{5}

Answer Process
(x1, y1) = (3, 1)
(x2, y2) = (8, 3)

slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}

\bf\displaystyle m =\frac{3-1}{8-3}\bf\displaystyle\frac{2}{5}

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 3 – 1 down 8 – 3  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{3-1}{8-3} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter \bf\displaystyle\frac{2}{5} Answer
Slope


Question
Express the previous answer in decimal form.

Answer
m = 0.4

Answer Process
See Toggle.
\bf\displaystyle\frac{2}{5} ⇔ 0.4

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 3 – 1 down 8 – 3  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{3-1}{8-3} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter \bf\displaystyle\frac{2}{5}
toggle 0.4 Answer
(Toggle)
Slope


Question
Using the points (1, 2) and (4, 9) in the graph below, calculate the slope of line L in decimal form.

Answer
m = 2.333333333

Answer Process
(x1, y1) = (1, 2)
(x2, y2) = (4, 9)

slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}

\bf\displaystyle m =\frac{9-2}{4-1}\bf\displaystyle\frac{7}{3} = 2.333333333 after toggle

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 9 – 2 down 4 – 1  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{9-2}{4-1} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter \bf\displaystyle\frac{7}{3}
toggle 2.333333333 Answer
(Toggle)
Slope


Question
Round the previous answer to the nearest tenth.

Answer
m = 2.3

Answer Process
See Rounding.
2.333333333  2.3


Question
On the graph below, plot the points (2, 3) and (6, 9), draw a line through them, and calculate the slope of the line in decimal form.
Grid

Answer
m = 1.5

Answer Process
(x1, y1) = (2, 3)
(x2, y2)= (6, 9)

slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}

\bf\displaystyle m =\frac{9-3}{6-2}\bf\displaystyle\frac{3}{2} = 1.5 after toggle

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 9 – 3 down 6 – 2  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{9-3}{6-2} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter \bf\displaystyle\frac{3}{2}
toggle 1.5 Answer
(Toggle)
Slope


Question
On the graph below, plot the points (4, 1) and (10, 2) and calculate their slope in decimal form rounded to the nearest hundredth (without drawing a line).

Answer
m = 0.17

Answer Process
(x1, y1) = (4, 1)
(x2, y2) = (10, 2)

slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}

\bf\displaystyle m =\frac{2-1}{10-4}\bf\displaystyle\frac{1}{6}0.166666667 after toggle = 0.17 after rounding

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 2 – 1 down 10 – 4  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{2-1}{10-4} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter \bf\displaystyle\frac{1}{6}
toggle 0.166666667 Answer
(before rounding)
Slope


Question
On the graph below, plot the points (3, 2.5) and (7, 6.25) and calculate their slope in decimal form to the nearest hundredth (without drawing a line).
Grid

Answer
m = 0.94

Answer Process
(x1, y1) = (3, 2.5)
(x2, y2) = (7, 6.25)

slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}

\bf\displaystyle m =\frac{6.25-2.5}{7-3}0.9375 = 0.94 after rounding

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 6.25 – 2.5 down 7 – 3  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{6.25-2.5}{7-3} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter 0.9375 Answer
(before rounding)
Slope


Question
The following table shows the age in years and height in inches of a boy and a girl.

On the grid below the table, plot the x-y coordinates for the boy at ages 2 and 8 and calculate their slope in decimal form to the nearest tenth (without drawing a line).

Boy   Girl  
Age (yr) Height (in) Age (yr) Height (in)
2 34.00 2 33.50
3 37.50 3 37.00
4 40.00 4 39.50
5 43.00 5 42.25
6 45.25 6 45.00
7 48.00 7 48.00
8 50.25 8 50.00
9 52.50 9 52.50
10 54.50 10 54.25

Grid

Answer
m = 2.7
gridboy

Answer Process
(x1, y1) = (2, 34.00)
(x2, y2) = (8, 50.25)

slope of a line
\bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}

\bf\displaystyle m =\frac{50.25-34.00}{8-2} = 2.708333333 = 2.7 after rounding

Calculator Click What You See Comment
clear blinker clears screen
fraction 50.25 – 34.00 down 8 – 2  right \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{50.25-34.00}{8-2} \bf\displaystyle m=\frac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}
enter 2.708333333 Answer
(before rounding)
Slope


Practice – Questions
1.  What is the slope of Line 1?

2.  What is the slope of Line 2?

3.  Using the points (3.5, 1.5) and (7, 3.25) in the graph below, calculate the slope of line L.

4.  On the graph below, plot the points (4, 1) and (8, 2), draw a line through them, and calculate the slope of the line in decimal form.Grid

5.  On the graph below, plot the points (1, 4) and (2, 8) and calculate their slope (without drawing a line).
Grid

6.  The following table shows the age in years and height in inches of a boy and a girl.

On the grid below the table, plot the x-y coordinates for the girl at ages 3 and 9 and calculate their slope in decimal form (without drawing a line).

Boy   Girl  
Age (yr) Height (in) Age (yr) Height (in)
2 34.00 2 33.50
3 37.50 3 37.00
4 40.00 4 39.50
5 43.00 5 42.25
6 45.25 6 45.00
7 48.00 7 48.00
8 50.25 8 50.00
9 52.50 9 52.50
10 54.50 10 54.25

Grid

7.  With reference to Question 6, express your answer as a fraction.

8.  The following table shows the age in years and mileage for Car A and Car B.

On the grid below the table, plot the x-y coordinates for Car A at years 3 and 6 and calculate their slope (without drawing a line).

Car A   Car B  
Age Mileage Age Mileage
1 10000 1 11000
2 22000 2 20500
3 33500 3 29725
4 39000 4 41000
5 48000 5 50500
6 62000 6 58750
7 71000 7 69900
8 83250 8 81000
9 90500 9 89900
10 99500 10 99500

Grid

9.  The following table shows the age in years and mileage for Car A and Car B.

On the grid below the table, plot the x-y coordinates for Car B at years 2 and 9 and calculate their slope (without drawing a line).

Car A   Car B  
Age Mileage Age Mileage
1 10000 1 11000
2 22000 2 20500
3 33500 3 29725
4 39000 4 41000
5 48000 5 50500
6 62000 6 58750
7 71000 7 69900
8 83250 8 81000
9 90500 9 89900
10 99500 10 99500

Grid

10.  With reference to Question 9, round your answer to the nearest tenth.


Practice – Answers
1.  m = 1

2.  m = 2

3.  m = 0.5

4.  m = 0.25

5.  m = 4

6.  m = 2.583333333
gridgirl

7.  \bf\displaystyle m =\frac{31}{12}
See Toggle.

8.  m = 9500
slopecara

9.  m = 9914.285714
slopemileageanswer9

10.  m = 9914.3

About Scott Solomon

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