Census

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Basics

Census = official process of counting the number of people in a country, city, or town and collecting information about them.

The United States Census Bureau is a division of the United States Department of Commerce.  The Census Bureau’s mission is to serve as the leading source of quality data about the nation’s people and economy.

The results of the census have a significant impact on national, state, and local economies.

As per census.gov, what follows is a brief list of the United States Census Bureau’s duties.


Decennial Census of Population and Housing
As mandated in Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, the Census Bureau counts every resident in the United States every ten years.  The most recent census occurred in 2010.  The next census will take place in 2020.


Economic Census

The U.S. Government’s official five-year measure of American business and the economy.


Census of Governments
Identifies the scope and nature of the nation’s state and local government sector including public finance and public employment and classifications.


American Community Survey (ACS)
A mandatory, ongoing statistical survey that provides data every year, giving communities the current information they need to plan investments and services.


Surveys and Programs
Surveys that provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decision-making.


Economic Indicators

Fourteen different reports on key indicators are released on a specific schedule.


Practice – Questions
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1.  Based on the above infographic, what was the population of the United States in 2010?
A.  38,745,538
B.  108,745,538
C.  208,745,538
D.  308,745,538

2.  Based on the above infographic, what region experienced the highest percentage growth between 2000 and 2010?
A.  Northeast
B.  West
C.  South
D.  Midwest

3.  Based on the above infographic, what American state lost population between 2000 and 2010?
A.  Nevada
B.  Michigan
C.  Florida
D.  Puerto Rico

4.  Based on the above infographic, what American state had the greatest percentage increase in population between 2000 and 2010?
A.  Nevada
B.  Michigan
C.  Florida
D.  Puerto Rico

5.  Based on the above infographic, what American territory lost population between 2000 and 2010?
A.  Nevada
B.  Michigan
C.  Florida
D.  Puerto Rico

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6.  Based on the above two infographics, which of the following states lost a member in the House of Representatives because of the 2010 census?
A.  Nevada
B.  Michigan
C.  Nebraska
D.  Montana

7.  Based on the above two infographics, why did the state in Question 6 lose a member?
A.  population gain
B.  spite
C.  conspiracy
D.  population loss

8.  Based on the above two infographics, which of the following states gained a member in the House of Representatives because of the 2010 census?
A.  Nevada
B.  Michigan
C.  Nebraska
D.  Montana

9.  Based on the above two infographics, why did the state in Question 8 gain a member?
A.  population gain
B.  spite
C.  conspiracy
D.  population loss

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10.  Based on the above infographic, approximately what fraction of the national population do the five most populous states fill?
(You may use your TI-30XS MultiView Calculator to help answer this question.)
A.  one-half
B.  one-quarter
C.  two-thirds
D.  one-third


Practice – Answers
1.  D.  308,745,538

2.  C.  South

3.  B.  Michigan

4.  A.  Nevada

5.  D.  Puerto Rico

6.  B.  Michigan

7.  D.  population loss

8.  A.  Nevada

9.  A.  population gain

10.  D.  one-third

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