Mitosis vs. Meiosis

mitosisvsmeiosis

 

Comparison Mitosis Meiosis
Purpose Cellular Reproduction Sexual Reproduction
Type of Reproduction Asexual Sexual
Type of Original Cell Parent Germ
Type of Daughter Cell Somatic (Body) Cell Sex Cell (Gamete)
Number of Cell Divisions One Two
Number of Daughter Cells Two Four
Homologous Pairing No Yes
Genetic Crossover No Yes
Daughter Cells’ Genetics Identical Different
Daughter Cells’ Ploidy Diploid Haploid
Number of Chromosomes Same as Original Cell Half of Original Cell
Human Chromosomes 2 copies of 23 = 46 1 set of 23 = 23


Practice – Questions

1.  Which of the following characterizes mitosis?
A.  homologous pairing
B.  genetic crossover
C.  two cell divisions
D.  cellular reproduction

2.  Which of the following characterizes mitosis?
A.  homologous pairing
B.  genetic crossover
C.  somatic cell
D.  gamete

3.  Which of the following characterizes meiosis?
A.  diploid
B.  identical daughter cells
C.  sexual reproduction
D.  one cell division

4.  Which of the following characterizes meiosis?
A.  haploid
B.  identical daughter cells
C.  somatic cell
D.  asexual

5.  Which of the following characterizes both mitosis and meiosis?
A.  divide and conquer
B.  spam
C.  cell calling
D.  cell division


Practice – Answers
1.  D.  cellular reproduction

2.  C.  somatic cell

3.  C.  sexual reproduction

4.  A.  haploid

5.  D.  cell division

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