Subject-Verb Agreement

The dog barks.

The dogs bark.


Basics

Subject-Verb Agreement is an essential aspect of grammar.

Subject-Verb Agreement is a rich source for test questions.

In the Reasoning Through Language Arts module, there will be questions about (but not necessarily limited to) the following rules of subject-verb agreement:
(1) A singular subject acts through a singular verb.
(2) A plural subject acts through a plural verb.


Singular Subject acting through a Singular Verb

Singular Subject = noun, usually not ending in s, for a single person, place, or thing
Singular Verb = verb, usually ending in s, through which a singular subject acts
The 
dog barks.
The cat meows.


Plural Subject acting through a Plural Verb

Plural Subject = noun, usually ending in s, for more than one person, place, or thing
Plural Verb = verb, usually not ending in s, through which a plural subject acts
The dogs bark.
The cats meow.


Question

Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The moon glow.
(B)  The moon glows.
(C)  The glow moon.
(D)  The glows moon.

Answer
(B)  The moon glows.

Answer Process
singular subject acts through a singular verb.
The moon glows.


Question

Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The moons glows.
(B)  The glow moons.
(C)  The moons glow.
(D)  The glows moons.

Answer
(C)  The moons glow.

Answer Process
plural subject acts through a plural verb.
The moons glow.


Practice – Questions
1.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The bird chirp.
(B)  The birds chirps.
(C)  The chirp birds.
(D)  The bird chirps.

2.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The birds chirps.
(B)  The birds chirp.
(C)  The chirps bird.
(D)  The bird chirp.

3.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The sun shine.
(B)  The shine suns.
(C)  The sun shines.
(D)  The suns shines.

4.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The sun shine.
(B)  The shines sun.
(C)  The suns shines.
(D)  The suns shine.

5.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The bird peeped, chirps, and cheeps.
(B)  The bird peeps, chirps, and cheeped.
(C)  The bird peeps, chirps, and cheeps.
(D)  The bird peeps, chirped, and cheeps.


Practice – Answers
1.  (D)  The bird chirps.

2.  (B)  The birds chirp.

3.  (C)  The sun shines.

4.  (D)  The suns shine.

5.  (C)  The bird peeps, chirps, and cheeps.

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