Capitalization

Mr. and Mrs. John Doe visited Waterloo, Iowa.



Basics
In the Reasoning Through Language Arts module, there will be questions about (but not necessarily limited to) the following capitalization rules:


The first word of a sentence.

The dog ran across the street.
A bird flew in the air.

The first word inside a quotation.
The grocery clerk said, “We have no bananas.”
“The weather is nice,” said the postman.

The first word of salutations and closes.
To whom it may concern,
Yours truly,

Names and Name Titles
John Smith
Mr. John Smith

Days and Months
Monday
January

Addresses and Geographic Locations
Main Street
Dallas, Texas

Geographic Regions (not directions)
He was born in the East.
He is traveling east.

Government and Political Bodies
Supreme Court of the United States
Democratic Party

Historical Periods
New Deal
World War II

Organizations
University of Illinois
Red Cross

Publication Titles (often in italics)
The Catcher in the Rye
USA Today


Question

Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  Maggie’s son bob is leaving for Texas.
(B)  maggie’s son Bob is leaving for Texas.
(C)  Maggie’s son Bob is leaving for Texas.
(D)  Maggie’s son Bob is leaving for texas.

Answer
(C)  Maggie’s son Bob is leaving for Texas.

Answer Process
The first word of a sentence, names, and geographic locations are capitalized.


Question
Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  The children are going to the zoo on tuesday.
(B)  the children are going to the zoo on Tuesday.
(C)  the children are going to the zoo on tuesday.
(D)  The children are going to the zoo on Tuesday.

Answer
(D)  The children are going to the zoo on Tuesday.

Answer Process
The first word of a sentence and days of the week are capitalized.


Question

Which of the following names is correct?
(A)  dr. William Jones
(B)  Dr. William jones
(C)  Dr. william Jones
(D)  Dr. William Jones

Answer
(D)  Dr. William Jones

Answer Process
Names and name titles are capitalized.


Practice – Questions
1.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  bob’s mother Maggie is leaving for Michigan.
(B)  Bob’s mother Maggie is leaving for Michigan.
(C)  Bob’s mother maggie is leaving for Michigan.
(D)  Bob’s mother Maggie is leaving for michigan.

2.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  the zoo is not open on Mondays in January.
(B)  The zoo is not open on mondays in January.
(C)  The zoo is not open on Mondays in january.
(D)  The zoo is not open on Mondays in January.

3.  Which of the following names is correct?
(A)  ms. Dorothy Garland
(B)  Ms. dorothy Garland
(C)  Ms. Dorothy Garland
(D)  Ms. Dorothy garland

4.  Which of the following quotations is correct?
(A)  “if it’s not the heat it’s the humidity,” said the dullard.
(B)  “If it’s not the heat it’s the humidity,” said the dullard.
(C)  “If it’s not the heat it’s the humidity,” Said the dullard.
(D)  “If it’s not the heat it’s the humidity.” said the dullard.

5.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  The location is 1001 Broad Street in Richmond, Virginia.
(B)  The location is 1001 broad Street in Richmond, Virginia.
(C)  The location is 1001 Broad Street in Richmond, virginia.
(D)  The location is 1001 Broad Street in richmond, Virginia.

6.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  She was always fond of the south.
(B)  She was always fond of the South.
(C)  she was always fond of the South.
(D)  she was always fond of the south.

7.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  The united states Postal Service is in debt.
(B)  The United States postal service is in debt.
(C)  The United States Postal Service is in debt.
(D)  The united states postal service is in debt.

8.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  The United States won its independence in the Revolutionary War.
(B)  The United States won its independence in the revolutionary War.
(C)  The United States won its independence in the Revolutionary war.
(D)  The United States won its independence in the revolutionary war.

9.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  The Roman Catholic Church is based in the vatican.
(B)  The roman catholic church is based in the Vatican.
(C)  The Roman Catholic church is based in the Vatican.
(D)  The Roman Catholic Church is based in the Vatican.

10.  Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A)  The New York Times is based in New York.
(B)  The New York Times is based in New York.
(C)  The New York Times is based in New York.
(D)  The New York Times is based in New York.


Practice – Answers
1.  (B)  Bob’s mother Maggie is leaving for Michigan.

2.  (D)  The zoo is not open on Mondays in January.

3.  (C)  Ms. Dorothy Garland

4.  (B)  “If it’s not the heat it’s the humidity,” said the dullard.

5.  (A)  The location is 1001 Broad Street in Richmond, Virginia.

6.  (B)  She was always fond of the South.

7.  (C)  The United States Postal Service is in debt.

8.  (A)  The United States won its independence in the Revolutionary War.

9.  (D)  The Roman Catholic Church is based in the Vatican.

10.  (C)  The New York Times is based in New York.

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