Pronouns

He spoke to us.



Basics

A pronoun is a substitute for a noun.
A pronoun can be a subject or an object or a possessor.

First Person = pronoun speaking
Second Person = pronoun spoken to
Third Person = pronoun spoken about

A singular pronoun takes a singular verb.
[one, each, either, neither, anyone, anybody, anything, everyone, everybody, everything, no one, nobody, nothing, someone, somebody, something]
Everyone wants ice cream.

Plural pronouns take plural verbs.
[both, few, several]
Several want ice cream.

Variable pronouns take variable verbs.
[any, all, most, none, some]
Some of the trees turn green.
Some of the grass turns green.

Person Number Subject Object Possessor
First Singular I me my, mine
Plural we us our, ours
Second Singular you you your, yours
Plural you you your, yours
Third Singular he,
she,
it
him,
her,
it
his,
her/hers,
its
Plural they them their, theirs
Pronouns


Subject – First Person Singular

I want a new car.

Subject – First Person Plural
We want a new car.

Subject – Second Person Singular
You want a new car.

Subject – Second Person Plural
You want a new car.

Subject – Third Person Singular
He wants a new car.

Subject – Third Person Plural
They want a new car.


Object – First Person Singular
Bob wants me to get a new car.
Bob wants to get a new car for me.

Object – First Person Plural
Bob wants us to get a new car.
Bob wants to get a new car for us.

Object – Second Person Singular
Bob wants you to get a new car.
Bob wants to get a new car for you.

Object – Second Person Plural
Bob wants you to get a new car.
Bob wants to get a new car for you.

Object – Third Person Singular
Bob wants her to get a new car.
Bob wants to get a new car for her.

Object – Third Person Plural
Bob wants them to get a new car.
Bob wants to get a new car for them.


Possessor – First Person Singular

Bob wants my new car.

Possessor – First Person Plural
Bob wants our new car.

Possessor – Second Person Singular
Bob wants your new car.

Possessor – Second Person Plural
Bob wants your new car.

Possessor – Third Person Singular
Bob wants her new car.

Possessor – Third Person Plural
Bob wants their new car.


Question

Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The clown brought the balloon to we.
(B)  The clown brought the balloon to I.
(C)  The clown brought the balloon to our.
(D)  The clown brought the balloon to us.

Answer
(D)  The clown brought the balloon to us.

Answer Process
A first-person plural object is the only pronoun that works here.


Question

Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  Everybody eat ice cream.
(B)  Everybody eat to ice cream.
(C)  Everybody eats ice cream.
(D)  Everybody to eat ice cream.

Answer
(C)  Everybody eats ice cream.

Answer Process
A singular pronoun takes a singular verb.


Question

Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The boy wants you’re toy.
(B)  The boy wants mine toy.
(C)  The boy wants them toy.
(D)  The boy wants your toy.

Answer
(D)   The boy wants your toy.

Answer Process
A second-person possessor is the only pronoun that works here.


Practice – Questions
1.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The cashier gave the change to I.
(B)  The cashier gave the change to we.
(C)  The cashier gave the change to them.
(D)  The cashier gave the change to they.

2.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  Everyone likes of chocolate.
(B)  Everyone likes to chocolate.
(C)  Everyone like chocolate.
(D)  Everyone likes chocolate.

3.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  The girl wants his video game.
(B)  The girl wants hers video game.
(C)  The girl wants theirs video game.
(D)  The girl wants ours video game.

4.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  They desires a new video game.
(B)  He desires a new video game.
(C)  You desires a new video game.
(D)  Us desires a new video game.

5.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  Several wishes for good luck.
(B)  Several wishs for good luck.
(C)  Several wish for good luck.
(D)  Several wishe for good luck.

6.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  Few wishes for good luck.
(B)  Few wishs for good luck.
(C)  Few wish for good luck.
(D)  Few wishe for good luck.

7.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  None of the truck look good.
(B)  None of the trucks looks good.
(C)  None of the trucks look good.
(D)  None of the truck looked good.

8.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  None of the hays look good.
(B)  None of the hays looks good.
(C)  None of the hay look good.
(D)  None of the hay looks good.

9.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  Some want to be liked by their.
(B)  Some wants to be liked by us.
(C)  Somes want to be liked by us.
(D)  Some want to be liked by us.

10.  Which of the following sentences uses correct grammar?
(A)  They is saving his money for a new video game.
(B)  You is saving your money for a new video game.
(C)  Us is saving our money for a new video game.
(D)  He is saving his money for a new video game.


Practice – Answers
1.  (C)  The cashier gave the change to them.

2.  (D)  Everyone likes chocolate.

3.  (A)  The girl wants his video game.

4.  (B)  He desires a new video game.

5.  (C)  Several wish for good luck.

6.  (C)  Few wish for good luck.

7.  (C)  None of the trucks look good.

8.  (D)  None of the hay looks good.

9.  (D)  Some want to be liked by us.

10.  (D)  He is saving his money for a new video game.

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